VA presumes some soft tissue sarcomas in Veterans are related to their exposure to Agent Orange or other herbicides during military service.
The soft tissue sarcomas not presumed by VA to be caused by Agent Orange exposure are:
- Kaposi's sarcoma
- About Soft Tissue Sarcoma
- Research on Soft Tissue Sarcoma and Herbicides Used in Vietnam
- VA Benefits for Soft Tissue Sarcoma
- Contact VA about Benefits
About Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Soft tissue sarcomas are a group of cancers in body tissues such as muscle, fat, blood and lymph vessels and connective tissues (that is, distinct from hard tissue such as bone or cartilage). These tumors are relatively rare.
Signs and Symptoms
- Often no symptoms in early stages
- First noticeable symptom is usually a painless lump or swelling
- As the tumor grows, it may cause other symptoms, such as pain or soreness.
Research on Soft Tissue Sarcoma and Herbicides Used in Vietnam
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academy of Sciences concluded in its 1994 report "Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam"*† and other updates that there is evidence of a positive association between exposure to herbicides used in Vietnam and soft tissue sarcomas.
View more research on health effects of Agent Orange.
VA Benefits for Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Veterans with soft tissue sarcoma (other than osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, Kaposi's sarcoma or mesothelioma) who were exposed to Agent Orange or other herbicides during military service may be eligible for disability compensation and health care benefits.
Veterans who served in Vietnam or another area where Agent Orange was sprayed may be eligible for an Agent Orange registry health exam, a free, comprehensive examination.
Surviving spouses, dependent children and dependent parents of Veterans who were exposed to herbicides during military service and died as the result of soft tissue sarcoma (other than osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, Kaposi's sarcoma or mesothelioma) may be eligible for survivors' benefits.
Contact VA about Benefits
- Toll-free Helpline: 1-800-749-8387 Press 3
- Agent Orange Registry Health Exam: Call your local VA Environmental Health Coordinator
- Health Care: 1-877-222-8387
- Compensation and Other Non-Health Care Benefits: 1-800-827-1000
- TDD (for hearing impaired): 1-800-829-4833
- Health Care and Agent Orange Registry Health Exam: Go to your nearest VA health care facility.
- Compensation Benefits and Other Non-Health Care Benefits: Go to your nearest VA benefits office.