Veterans Benefits Information guide to VA benefits

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Veterans Benefits Information

Visit the Legion's GI Bill exhibit in Tennessee

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The American Legion’s traveling GI Bill exhibit will be on display at the Morton Museum of Collierville Historypolis in Tennessee.

“The Greatest Legislation: An American Legion Centennial Salute to the GI Bill” will be available for the public to view from Sept. 12 through the end of October at the museum, located at 196 North Main St., Collierville, Tenn. The museum is opened Tuesday-Saturday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., and closed Sunday and Monday.

The American Legion’s exhibit documents the story of the “greatest legislation,” which The American Legion originally drafted and pushed to passage in 1943 and 1944. It features illustrated panels, video kiosks and artifacts that show the dramatic story of the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944, the massive effects it had on U.S. society and the ongoing effort to continue improving it for new generations, through to the passage of the Harry W. Colmery Veterans Educational Assistance Act of 2017 – the “Forever GI Bill.”

The exhibit has been touring the country since its debut in June 2017 at the National World War II Museum in New Orleans. It has also been on exhibit at the George H.W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum in College Station, Texas; two Student Veterans of America national conferences; Bob Hope Patriotic Hall in Los Angeles; the Montana Military Museum in Helena, Mont..; the Iowa Gold Star Museum at Camp Dodge, Iowa; the 100th National Convention in Minneapolis; Department of New Jersey convention; the Intrepid Museum in New York City as part of Fleet Week; and at the Indiana State Capitol for the 101st National Convention in Indianapolis.

Originally drafted by American Legion Past National Commander Harry W. Colmery in the winter of 1943, the GI Bill transformed the U.S. economy in the second half of the 20th century. Often characterized as America’s most significant social legislation of the last 100 years, it is credited for averting economic disaster after World War II, educating millions, making college and home ownership a reasonable expectation for average Americans, leading to the all-volunteer military and advancing civil rights.

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E. Roy Stone’s timeless words: 'This We Believe'

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World War II Navy veteran E. Roy Stone of South Carolina was among the most respected leaders of The American Legion for decades. A National Executive Committee member between 1953 and 2001, he held nearly every office in the organization, was a mentor and inspiration for many others. He was made a past national commander by vote of the national convention in 1987.

In the September 1994 75th anniversary issue of The American Legion, Stone’s “This We Believe” essay was published. And on Sept. 12, 1994, it was entered into the congressional record. An excerpt from that message was recently recorded, with video accompaniment, by South Carolina Past Department Adjutant Jimmy Hawk, as part of the Legion’s 100th anniversary commemoration. The video is downloadable for use at post meetings or to share on websites and social media. View the video here.

Rising to explain why he thought Stone’s words needed to be immortalized, U.S. Rep. G.V. “Sonny” Montgomery, D-Miss., chairman of the House Veterans' Affairs Committee, said: “In the state of South Carolina, E. Roy Stone is known as ‘Mr. Veteran.’ Few people know more about the mission of this great veterans organization than my good friend, E. Roy Stone. The article is such a good one … that I believe it should be given the widest possible circulation. The American Legion will continue to remain strong as long as it has members with the leadership qualities of men like the distinguished gentleman from South Carolina.”

Stone wrote, as an introduction to the essay, of his experience after the war and the reasons he joined The American Legion:

"When I returned to my home state of South Carolina after World War II, I went to our state's only veterans hospital and saw men being put in the hallways … the VA had a waiting list of over 800 GIs. Later, I went to the funerals of some of the men who were stored in the halls because VA didn't have the space to treat them.

"After seeing all of this, I became an active Legionnaire — determined that I would try to alleviate crowded conditions in our VA hospitals; give sympathy to the suffering; give strength to the weak; and to keep faith with my fallen friends.

"I was determined that their supreme sacrifice would not be in vain. And so I joined The American Legion, whose principles of right and wrong have become an integral part of the American way of life."

Stone’s essay will be republished in the December American Legion Magazine to conclude the centennial series.

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My Best Friend Died by Suicide. I Wish I Had Seen the Warning Signs.

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Neil was the toughest guy I knew in the Air Force. But no one taught us how to cope with PTSD.

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American Legion to host suicide prevention discussion

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The American Legion is hosting a roundtable discussion on suicide prevention Thursday at its headquarters in Washington, D.C. The panel will include a coalition of military and veteran advocates.

Although the meeting is scheduled during Suicide Prevention Week, Sept. 8-14, eliminating these tragic deaths which have hit the veterans’ community hard has long been a priority of the nation’s largest veterans organization.

“An estimated 20 veterans a day take their own lives,” American Legion National Commander Bill Oxford said. “One is too many. Prevention begins by first removing the stigma associated with those who ask for help. We also must ensure that resources and access are plentiful and well-publicized to those who could use them. The American Legion is very committed to this and I know we have plenty of allies that could help us accomplish this important mission. We are happy to host this roundtable.”

Participants in the discussion will include suicide survivor Cliff Bauman; Dr. Howard and Jean Somers (parents of Daniel Somers, who died from suicide); Dr. Mathew Miller, acting director of the VA office of Mental Health and Suicide Prevention and a representative of the Wounded Warrior Project. Dr. Heather Kelly, Director of Military and Veterans Health Policy for the American Psychological Association will moderate the discussion.

Preventing Suicide: Educate, Inspire Mobilize

September 12, 2-4 p.m. ET

7th Floor, 1608 K Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20006

A live stream will be available on Facebook. The link and more information will be posted on The American Legion National Headquarters Facebook page.

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Celebration of Freedom with the Wisconsin American Legion

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Ralph Snake moved from panel to panel, stopping at each to salute the inscribed names of those who could not be in Portage, Wis., last weekend because they did not come home alive from the Vietnam War.

“It’s a legacy – a sad legacy, but it’s a legacy,” the Andrew Blackhawk American Legion Post 129 chaplain told hundreds who gathered last Thursday for the opening ceremony of a Celebration of Freedom by The American Legion Foundation of Wisconsin Sept. 4-8 at the Columbia County Fairgrounds in Portage. “We’re here because of veterans, like these gentlemen on the wall.”

The 360-foot American Veterans Traveling Tribute Vietnam Wall, which displays the names of 58,282 U.S. troops who died during the war, is a mobile replica of the Vietnam War Memorial Wall in Washington, D.C. (The American Legion was the largest financial contributor to the memorial on the National Mall, dedicated in 1982.)

The Celebration of Freedom featured a pavilion filled with American Legion exhibits and booths, including the 100th Anniversary Observance Committee’s 160-foot traveling chronology tracing the organization’s first century and “The Greatest Legislation: An American Legion Salute to the GI Bill,” which has been traveling the country for more than two years.

Native American veterans from three area posts opened the celebration Thursday. Drums, traditional dancing and a sage-smoke blessing of the wall by Ho-Chunk Nation President Marlon WhiteEagle and Kirk DeCora, a Ho-Chunk member and veteran whose brother’s name is on the wall. Elliott DeCora, Kirk DeCora’s brother, lost his life at age 20 on Aug. 16, 1968, during a firefight in Quang Tri.

Snake said after his salute of all panels that although he knows a fellow Ho-Chunk is immortalized on the memorial, every name matters equally. “I was thanking them for their service,” he said. “They are all the same. They are on the wall. They all deserve respect.”

More than 600 high school and junior high students from the region toured the wall on Friday, guided by members of the local Vietnam Veterans of America chapter, as they looked for ancestors and rubbed their names onto paper with pencils. Veterans from area long-term care facilities also came in shuttle buses to see the traveling memorial.

“It’s a real touching time and a good way to recognize our warriors and the sacrifices they have made for the freedoms we get every day,” WhiteEagle told the crowd at the opening ceremony.

Native American color guards, musicians and dancers who got the weekend started included members of Post 129 of Black River Falls; Joseph White Post 442 of Wisconsin Rapids; Sanford WhiteEagle Post 556 of Baraboo; and the Sokaogon Mole Lake Chippewa Color Guard of Crandon.

WhiteEagle told the gathering that the traveling memorial was no place for politics, and American Legion Department of Wisconsin Commander David Wischer agreed. “This is not about politicians and the way this world is working now,” he said. “It is about the sacrifices of those whose names are listed on that wall.”

Wischer invited attendees to take in the Legion centennial exhibits and learn about the organization’s programs, services and history, inside the pavilion at the Columbia County Fairgrounds. “We are still serving our country, in our communities,” he told the crowd.

Exhibitor tents and booths filled the fairgrounds. Membership recruiters met with veterans newly eligible due to the recent passage of the LEGION Act, and visitors learned about such Wisconsin programs as Badger Boys State and Camp American Legion.

Friday evening, country musician Chris Kroeze – runner-up on NBC’s “The Voice” in 2018 – gave a concert. The Memories performed Saturday afternoon, followed by classic rock band Conscious Pilot Saturday evening.

Saturday morning’s activities included a family kickball tournament open to all ages, a cornhole competition, face painting, a variety of food trucks and information displays by various veterans groups. A mobile VA Vet Center was also available.

The celebration wrapped up Sunday with a POW/MIA ceremony at the wall, followed by a POW/MIA Silent March, led by the American Legion Department of Wisconsin’s 2nd District.

Actively involved in the planning and execution of the event were local first responders as well as other veterans groups in the Portage community. “I am absolutely blown away, not only by the significance of what we have done here, obviously with the wall being here and those we are honoring who can’t be here today, but the pure significance of the community support,” American Legion Department of Wisconsin Adjutant Amber Nikolai said. “We had the fire department, the sheriff’s department, the police department, and we had over 50 riders – not just Legion Riders, but other organizations that joined in. We had school groups that were let out early and lined the streets.” Nikolai said she was awestruck to see children waving flags and motorists pulling over, taking off their hats and putting their hands on their hearts, as the wall exhibit was escorted by a motorcycle convoy to the fairgrounds.

The American Legion of Wisconsin Foundation was the sponsoring body of the celebration. “The city came together as a whole to work this event and make everything happen,” said Foundation President Jim Reigel, a past Department of Wisconsin commander. “It’s a real success. And it’s a testament not only to everyone who came. Each one who came will impact four or five additional people.”

Nikolai said she was delighted by coverage of the area NBC affiliate, Channel 15, which aired multiple live segments from the fairgrounds over the weekend. “They covered the significance of the wall being here and also the history of The American Legion and some of the prominent Legionnaires from Wisconsin,” she said.

“The display here with the 100 years of The American Legion – people did not know or did not realize the impact the Legion has had throughout the country and in our communities,” Reigel explained.

“What I loved the most is we captured every age group, from little 3-year-olds kicking the kickball all the way up to a lady at the wall who was 98 years old,” Nikolai said. “We brought generations out here through the weekend.”

In Saturday’s concert by the Memories – primarily a ‘50s, ‘60s and ‘70s music and comedy duo – one song they played by the Statler Brothers was a little more serious and little more recent: “More Than a Name on a Wall.” The 1989 release, about a mother’s grief for a son whose name is etched on the Vietnam War Memorial “left everyone in the hall in tears,” Nikolai said.

In their second concert that afternoon, the Memories played again, but not before recognizing Jim Chapin, a combat-decorated Vietnam War veteran and American Legion past department commander, who not only came up with the idea to bring the wall to Portage but provided funds for its appearance.

Said Nikolai of Chapin’s gesture: “He said, ‘I want to sponsor the wall. I will pay for it. I will get it here.’ Everything was built around that. It was one dedicated Legionnaire, a decorated Vietnam veteran who was the catalyst who really made this come together. It was his heart. It was his idea, that everything was framed around the wall.”

Nikolai said community events such as the Celebration of Freedom are the best kind of marketing for The American Legion. “An event is where we give them an experience. I believe that what we captured here this weekend was an experience. We gave them an experience of what The American Legion does, what The American Legion is, and that we are bringing the fun, emotion and impact back. Total family. Total community.”

A second annual Celebration of Freedom, she said, is already in the works.

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Did you know?

The issuance or replacement of military service medals, awards and decorations must be requested in writing.

Requests should be submitted in writing to the appropriate military service branch division of the NPRC. Standard form (SF 180), available through the VA, is recommended to submit your request. Generally, there is no charge for medal or award replacements. For more information, or for the mailing address of the military branch office to submit your request to, call 1-86-NARA-NARA (1-866-272-6272) or visit the NPRC website at